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Rising from the end of Elizabeth the Great’s reign in England, and part of an era’s trend for many good and loyal English families to be named after their trades and earning their proud coats-of-arms, the Skinner family numbers among the Brewers, Chandlers, Bakers and Smiths, people who formed the backbone of trade guilds sustaining a vibrant English economy that probably propelled England’s becoming a powerful mercantile empire. Ira James Skinner, Jr.’s The Skinner Family History succinctly puts its elevation in English society: “The Skinner Company of London received a charter of incorporation during the reign of Edward III and has a coat-of-arms…” The Skinners rose from people who worked with hides–which is reflected in their motto, Sanguis et Vulnera, Latin for “Blood and Wounds.”